Annual Celebration of RATS Research Accomplishments

On April 17, 2019, the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy held its 9th annual Pharmacy Research Day. Students in the Joint Graduate Program in Toxicology presented their latest research findings ranging from oncology to liver disease to reproductive toxicology. The 2-hour dynamic event featured 114posters.  

Rutgers Scientists and Trainees Share Latest Research at SOT 2019 ToxExpo

In March 2019, the Rutgers Toxicology trainees attended the Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD. Trainees (undergrad, grad and postdoc) presented over 35 posters and presentations throughout the week. During the meeting, Ludwik Gorczyca (Aleksunes lab) received the Sheldon Murphy Award (Mechanisms Specialty Section) and a 3rd Place Poster Award (Reproductive & Developmental Toxicology […]

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

 Infertility affects over 6 million women in the child bearing age with one main cause being women with progesterone resistance have a non-receptive uterus leading to implantation failure. To understand the mechanism behind this we looked at the role of Gαq/11 signaling since it’s been shown to regulate uterine functions throughout pregnancy from the acquisition of […]

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

  My research aims to define the effects of a small molecule, metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) Group I agonist 2-chloro-5-hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG), in a cuprizone-induced model of demyelination in mice. Demyelinating diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis can be very debilitating to patients and most of the current approved therapies treat the immunological component rather than the […]

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

  Syncytiotrophoblasts arise from the fusion of cytotrophoblasts, a process regulated by cyclic nucleotide signaling. Syncytiotrophoblasts express transporters, including the multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRP) 1, 3, and 5, which regulate the intracellular concentration of cyclic nucleotides through active efflux. Understanding the interplay of cyclic nucleotides, efflux transporters, and syncytialization is important because aberrant cytotrophoblast functioning […]

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

My project focuses on the effects of vesicating agents, specifically nitrogen mustard (NM) on mouse skin. In these studies the epidermis is isolated and analyzed for protein changes involved in the cell cycle. A bi-phasic response was observed in proteins responsible for DNA synthesis and repair as early at 15 minutes following exposure up until 24 hours. This tells […]

2019 Society of Toxicogy meeting in Baltimore, MD

My project was a mechanistic study to determine the disposition and toxicity effects of Cadmium on wild-type and Bcrp-null mice following acute exposure. Tissues were analyzed after 24 hours post administration of 5.5 mg/kg CdCl2 to confirm what is stated in the literature. Indeed, loss of the bcrp transporter in mice led to an increase […]

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

My project is on the role of Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR) in the lung following exposure to the chemical warfare agent, nitrogen mustard. FXR is a nuclear receptor involved in lipid homeostasis and we speculate that FXR regulates differential macrophage activation by altering lung lipids

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

Bile acids are a diverse population of amphipathic molecules synthesized through the enzymatic oxidation of cholesterol in the liver.  The synthesis of bile acids has traditionally been shown to occur via two pathways.  Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (Cyp7a1) performs the initial and rate-limiting step in the classical pathway while sterol 27-hydroxylase (Cyp27a1) initiates the hydroxylation of […]

2019 Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, MD

Role of FFAR1/4 in excitation-contraction  coupling in human airway smooth cell.  Asthma is an airway disease characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), inflammation and remodeling. This project is about the role of free fatty acid receptors FFAR1 and FFAR4 in human ASM cells to regulate AHR. Our findings show that FFAR1 agonists attenuate MLC phosphorylation, a […]